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"BIM, a foundation for analyses" by ARCADIS

Click here for the full Abstract on BIM presented during the IABSE Conference in 2015.
Click here for the full Abstract on BIM presented during the IASS Conference in 2015.

 

1. Goals of ELASSTIC & BIM

Improve the security and resilience of large scale multifunctional building complexes to natural and made-disasters.
Together with partners in the EU, Arcadis is using state-of-the-art BIM in the Elasstic project. Elasstic is a showcase project of the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission.
To improve the security and resilience of buildings the Elasstic team uses and develop set of tools to assess the safety, security and resilience of designs. The data necessary for the calculations in these tools are extracted from BIM.
 

2 Results

To improve the security and resilience of buildings the Elasstic team uses and develop set of tools to assess the safety, security and resilience of designs. The data necessary for the calculations in these tools are extracted from BIM.
By coupling and integration of BIM and BMS (Building Management Systems deliver real-time information on the safety, security and resilience of infrastructure for a smart evacuation system
By the use of innovative materials the security and resilience of buildings improve, the Elasstic studies smart and reinforced building elements.

 

3 BIM Approach

BIM levels
For centuries the construction industry has recorded and exchanged information through paper documents. BIM is changing this, bringing technology to the industry that will force a rethink but has huge potential to improve performance in design, construction and operation. Four steps are distinguished to support the change in construction processes:

  1. The conventional approach, using CAD or paper-based (level 0)
  2. Introduce an object-based approach in object-oriented models (level 1)
  3. Create a joined view of multiple separate models in an aggregated BIM (level 2)
  4. Bringing external partners together in a collaborative or integrated BIM (level 3)

To attain a higher BIM level, certain modules need to be passed on, e.g. standards, protocols, libraries, culture, etc.

Bim uses
As might be suspected from the previous paragraphs, BIM is very widely applicable and ongoing developments suggest it is only going to become more so. It is clear that we ought not to expect that everyone will be active on all fronts of BIM. This means that cooperation on models and databases is going to become more and more important. A BIM menu has been made in order to provide some kind of framework and direction for the broad terrain covered by BIM. The BIM menu is based on ‘Classifying and selecting BIM’ from Pennsylvania State University.

 

Models
A building complex that is this large consists of numerous databases where information is accumulated.
An overview of the databases used is given below:

   

 

Data Exchange
If you want to be able to cooperate using different data sources, you need an understandable way of exchanging data. Given the vast amount of analysis software that is available, you need to work using a standardised method for information exchange. Arcadis aims to exchange data using open standards. IFC is an important standard for us.

   

 

4 Simulations

Because we now have the data on the buildings to hand in BIM, we can also use the simulations to determine the performance of a structure in the event of any specific threat. If it is decided that the performance needs to be improved for a specific threat, then there is a choice:

  • adapt the design
  • invest more in evacuation of the building
  • combat the threat itself

  

 

Together with partners in the EU, Arcadis is using state-of-the-art BIM in the Elasstic project.
Elasstic is a showcase project of the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission.

News

ELASSTIC Project Finalized
Final ELASSTIC Workshop

 

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 312632 

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